SWEELINCK, Jan Pieterszoon

(1562-1621)
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, the widely acclaimed organist of Amsterdam's Oude Kerk (Old Church), was a gifted composer of keyboard and vocal music as well as one of the most renowned and influential teachers of his day. Born in Deventer, Netherlands, Sweelinck grew up in a musical family. His grand­father, uncle, and father were all organists. His father preceded him in the post at Oude Kerk, and his son, Dirck, succeeded him there in 1621. Records show that Sweelinck held this position from 1580 to 1621, but it is possible that he began work there as early as 1577. Sweelinck's reputation as a teacher attracted many pupils to Amsterdam. Students from Germany, such as Samuel Scheidt, Jacob Praetorius, and Heinrich Scheidemann, went on to found the great North German organ school, which ultimately culminated in the music of J. S. Bach.
As a composer of vocal music, Sweelinck set sacred and secular texts and drew from both Protestant and Catholic traditions. His Rimes françoises et italiennes (1612) is a secular collection of French chansons and Italian madrigals. His Cantiones sacrae (1619) is a set of motets based upon the Catholic liturgy. Perhaps his most monumental achievement and life's work is his setting of the entire Psalter using French metrical psalms.
Sweelinck's keyboard music includes variations, toccatas, and fantasias. The technically difficult toccatas often seem to have a pedagogical purpose. The fantasias, which frequently employ fugal elaboration of a single theme, led to the development of the monothematic fugue and had a profound impact on the music of Bach. Because of his magnificent keyboard improvisations, Sweelinck was known during his day as the "Orpheus of Amsterdam," but his influence as a composer and teacher carried far beyond his own city and time to shape the finest musical developments of the late baroque.
Bibliography
K. Tollefsen, "Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck," in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. S. Sadie, vol. 18, 1980: 406-13.
Tucker Robison

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon — (abr. 1562, Amsterdam, Países Bajos–16 oct. 1621, Amsterdam). Compositor holandés. Se hizo famoso por sus improvisaciones como organista en la Iglesia Antigua de Amsterdam desde 1580. Aparte de algunos viajes ocasionales a otras ciudades como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon — born April 1562, Amsterdam, Neth. died Oct. 16, 1621, Amsterdam Dutch composer. As organist at Amsterdam s Old Church from с 1580, he became famous for his improvisations. Aside from occasional trips to other cities for organ consultation, he… …   Universalium

  • Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon — (?May 1562, Deventer, the Netherlands – 16 October 1621, Amsterdam)    He lived almost his entire life in Amsterdam and was organist at the Oude Kerk certainly from 1580 (possibly earlier) until his death. Famous as a teacher, his students… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, nacido en abril o mayo de 1562 y fallecido el 16 de octubre de 1621, fue un compositor de los Países Bajos. Compositor, organista, docente, su obra se extiende entre el fin del Renacimiento y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — (April or May, 1562 ndash; October 16, 1621) was a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. He was among the first major keyboard composers of Europe, and his work… …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Surnom l Orphée d Amsterdam Naissance mai 1562 Deventer Décès 6  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Pieters Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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